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July 18, 1980

Manual of Internal Fixation: Techniques Recommended by the AO Group

Author Affiliations

Northwestern University Medical School Chicago


2nd ed, by M. E. Muller et al, 409 pp, $118, New York, Springer-Verlag, 1979.

JAMA. 1980;244(3):283. doi:10.1001/jama.1980.03310030057038

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.


The use of metal wire, screws, plates, pins, and rods for skeletal internal fixation in orthopedic surgery has been evolving for several decades with the progressive development of improved techniques, materials, and instruments. This publication presents the techniques of the AO-Group (the Swiss Association for the Study of Internal Fixation). This second revised edition represents their continuing effort to formalize the methodology for internal fixation of fractures in every area of the body.

The publication is divided into three sections. The first section presents the basic principles of fixation with diagrammatic illustrations of their operative and postoperative techniques. The second section deals specifically with the application of the techniques to fractures in all areas of the skeleton. The third section presents their fixation principles for other orthopedic problems, such as pseudarthroses, osteotomies, and arthrodeses.

The book is definitely not a narrative text and is appropriately titled "Manual." Much important information