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To the Editor.—
Cecil Henry Coggins, MD, could hardly have had to fight off hordes of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes as he lay on the ground at night in Hawaii in 1942, as related by Eugene G. Laforet, MD (243:1653, 1980). Aedes aegypti is our day mosquito, and they were all asleep. What he fought off was Culex quinquefasciatus, our night mosquito, and it would not have transmitted any yellow fever, of course.Others had been concerned, as he was, about this hazard. I was visiting the Army's chief of epidemiology and geographic medicine in Washington, DC, on Dec 9, 1941: GEN James Stevens Simmons, an army medical school classmate of my father's. The rumors had just been published that Japanese parachutists had descended on Hawaii. GEN Simmons wondered aloud whether they might have been bringing in cages of yellow fever infected mosquitoes. However, nothing came of it; indeed, to the
Harry L. Arnold. Cecil Coggins. JAMA. 1980;244(18):2048. doi:10.1001/jama.1980.03310180018022