IN A series of government-established five-year plans, Indonesia has addressed the major health problems facing the country. As a result, there have been major advances in the health program over the past decade, including the establishment of hospitals and health centers, development of preventive medicine and disease control services, health education, health manpower training, development of improved water supply and sanitation facilities, and the establishment of some research programs. The priorities in the 1974 plan included ambulatory care, rural health and child health, and family planning services. These have resulted in the establishment of an extensive health care system, with physician staffing of health centers rising to 85.9% and health utilization rising to 75 visits per day. With the reduction in case fatality rate from infectious diseases and a decrease in the infant mortality rate, life expectancy at birth has increased from 41 years in 1969 to an estimated 52
Sutnick AI, Gunawan S. Cancer in Indonesia. JAMA. 1982;247(22):3087–3088. doi:10.1001/jama.1982.03320470033028
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