Infections of the head and neck were identified in 12 (9%) of 128 consecutive patients undergoing renal transplantation. The infections included sinusitis, otitis media, dental abscess, Ludwig's angina, parotitis, and nasal abscess. A significant correlation was found between the development of infection and juvenile-onset diabetes but not with previous splenectomy. None of the infections occurred during treatment of rejection episodes with corticosteroids. The clinical presentations and microbiologic agents causing the infections were similar to those found in nonimmunosuppressed patients.
Reyna J, Richardson JM, Mattox DE, Banowsky LH, Nicastro-Lutton JJ. Head and Neck Infection After Renal Transplantation. JAMA. 1982;247(24):3337–3339. doi:10.1001/jama.1982.03320490035032
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