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May 8, 1981

Pulmonary Disease Reviews

Author Affiliations

New Orleans

JAMA. 1981;245(18):1869. doi:10.1001/jama.1981.03310430059028

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Knowing the oxygen tensions in the pulmonary arteries of patients with failing respiration helps the physician to treat such patients, according to Drs Wilson and Bone. Their chapter in Pulmonary Disease Reviews includes abstracts of articles that rely heavily on data from Swan-Ganz flow-directed pulmonary artery catheters and other monitoring devices. In the other chapters, 30 contributors comment on abstracts of articles they selected from the late-1977 to mid1979 literature. Their subjects range from oxygen transfer to lung cancer and the treatment of tuberculosis.

Stead and Dutt discuss new concepts of antituberculosis chemotherapy. Several of their abstracted articles emphasize the excellent results of short-course therapy with isoniazid and rifampin. Earlier reports exaggerated the synergistic toxicity of these drugs. Bates presents papers about other pulmonary infections. He considers the possibility of Legionnaires' disease in every case of undiagnosed pneumonia and cites disturbing reports of multiple-drug-resistant pneumococci. He wonders whether physicians should