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July 16, 1982

Hysterectomy Among Women of Reproductive Age: Trends in the United States, 1970-1978

Author Affiliations

From the Family Planning Evaluation Division, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta.

JAMA. 1982;248(3):323-327. doi:10.1001/jama.1982.03330030029020

An estimated 3.5 million women aged 15 to 44 years in the United States underwent hysterectomy (excluding radical procedures) between 1970 and 1978. Data from the National Center for Health Statistics were used to study the influence of age, race, and geographic region on hysterectomy rates, surgical approach, and concurrent oophorectomy. The number and rate of hysterectomies increased between 1970 and 1972 but remained stable thereafter. Hysterectomy rates increased with age, and rates for black women slightly exceeded the rates for whites. Rates were consistently highest for women in the South and lowest for women in the Northeast. Women undergoing hysterectomy in the Northeast had the lowest percentage performed by a vaginal approach and the highest percentage performed in conjunction with bilateral oophorectomy. Women having a hysterectomy in the West had the highest percentage performed by a vaginal approach.

(JAMA 1982;248:323-327)