In 215 patients referred to a specialized medical-psychiatric inpatient unit, thorough neuropsychiatric evaluation resulted in a therapeutically important alteration of the referring diagnosis in 41%. Of patients referred with a tentative diagnosis of dementia, 63% were found to have treatable conditions. Increased educational efforts and use of neuropsychiatric consultation services are suggested to minimize diagnostic errors in medical practice.
Hoffman RS. Diagnostic Errors in the Evaluation of Behavioral Disorders. JAMA. 1982;248(8):964–967. doi:10.1001/jama.1982.03330080046027
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