We describe a case of fatal encephalitis apparently due to rabies despite treatment with human diploid cell vaccine from the day of exposure but without rabies immune globulin (or serum). This case reinforces the need for rabies immune globulin as part of rabies treatment.
Devriendt J, Staroukine M, Costy F, Vanderhaeghen J. Fatal Encephalitis Apparently due to Rabies: Occurrence After Treatment With Human Diploid Cell Vaccine But Not Rabies Immune Globulin. JAMA. 1982;248(18):2304–2306. doi:10.1001/jama.1982.03330180064036
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