In 1883, when JAMA was founded, the United States already had a long tradition of medical journalism, amply covered in recent literature.1 The first medical journal, The New York Repository, had appeared in 1797 as a quarterly. It survived until 1824, and in its modest life it issued a total of 23 volumes. While several other short-lived journals were published in the early years of the 19th century, two especially important periodicals still continue—the New England Journal of Medicine and Surgery and the American Journal of the Medical Sciences.
The former started in 1812 as a quarterly. In 1828 it was consolidated with another journal, the Boston Medical Intelligencer, to become a weekly, the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal. Only in 1928 did the journal, without loss of continuity, assume its present title, the New England Journal of Medicine. What is now the American Journal of the Medical Sciences
King LS. XIV. Medical Journalism, 1847-1883. JAMA. 1983;250(6):744–748. doi:10.1001/jama.1983.03340060030020
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