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Couples who attempt to achieve pregnancy through artificial insemination are as well as or better adjusted psychologically and sexually than "normal" couples, whether or not fertilization occurs.
The couple's personal adjustment does not even seem to be much affected by whether the sperm are donated by the husband or someone else, according to studies presented at the XI World Congress of Fertility and Sterility in Dublin.
Furthermore, contrary to fears that frozen sperm, because of the freezing and thawing process, might not be as "good" as nonfrozen sperm, artificial insemination with both types of sperm seems to produce equally intelligent children who in most cases score higher than the norm on various tests.
One study involved 137 couples who had one or two children via artificial insemination by donor. Half the men and 58% of the women interviewed via questionnaire concluded that their self esteem had improved after parenthood. Only
Henahan J. Artificial insemination has few untoward effects. JAMA. 1983;250(10):1256. doi:10.1001/jama.1983.03340100008003
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