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May 25, 1984

Brain Damage in Modern Boxers

JAMA. 1984;251(20):2663-2667. doi:10.1001/jama.1984.03340440021020

Eighteen former and active boxers underwent neurological examination, EEG, computed tomographic scan of the brain, and neuropsychological testing. Eighty-seven percent of the professional boxers had definite evidence of brain damage. All the boxers had abnormal results on at least one of the neuropsychological tests. Brain damage is a frequent result of a career in professional boxing.

(JAMA 1984;251:2663-2667)