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August 17, 1984

Fertilization, embryo transfer procedures raise many questions

JAMA. 1984;252(7):877-882. doi:10.1001/jama.1984.03350070001001

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Since 1978, when Patrick Steptoe, MB, of Bourne Hall, Cambridge University, England, assisted at the birth of Louise Brown, in vitro fertilization procedures have been widely accepted throughout the world.

Babies conceived by in vitro fertilization techniques now enter the world on a daily basis. It is estimated that, by the end of 1984, more than 1,000 births will be attributed to in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer techniques developed by Steptoe and his long-time Cambridge associate, Robert Edwards, MB.

From the list of participants at the recent Third World Congress of In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer in Helsinki, it appears that physicians and scientists in about 25 countries now have in vitro fertilization programs under way. These countries include the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, France, East and West Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Italy, Switzerland, Belgium, Canada, New Zealand, Israel, Colombia, Chile, Japan, Singapore, and People's Republic of