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USING MUSIC as treatment for psychological or physical disorders is an idea that has existed in many forms, in many cultures, and for many centuries. But its application as a specific means of therapeutic intervention is a development largely of the mid 20th century.
Essentially, music therapy is the building of a relationship between patient and specially trained therapist using music as the basis for communication. The therapist does not teach singing or playing an instrument; rather, the instrument and the voice are used to explore the world of sound and create a common musical language with the patient. Both therapist and patient take an active part in the therapy sessions through playing, singing, or listening.
Music therapists work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, rehabilitation centers, special schools, and hospices. Their patients, or clients as they prefer to call them, include children and adults of all ages and
Marwick C. Leaving Concert Hall for Clinic, Therapists Now Test Music's 'Charms'. JAMA. 1996;275(4):267–268. doi:10.1001/jama.1996.03530280017006
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