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Article
October 26, 1984

Supporting much of nation's vision research

JAMA. 1984;252(16):2307-2310. doi:10.1001/jama.1984.03350160171050

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Abstract

For the 11 million visually impaired and half million blind Americans, the National Eye Institute (NEI) supports basic, epidemiologic, and clinical research, aiming above all to fulfill its official mission: to prevent, diagnose, and treat diseases of the visual system. In so doing, the NEI currently funds approximately 80% of all visual research in the United States.

The variety of diseases affecting the visual system means that a list of the institute's more specific priority goals and projects could fill several pages. In general, however, the NEI has established five disease-oriented research programs—retinal and choroidal diseases; corneal diseases; cataracts; glaucoma; and strabismus, amblyopia, and visual processing— each of which sponsors a vast array of research. Additionally, the institute has established a special category of programs to support research related to visual impairment and its rehabilitation.

Summarizing these efforts, the director of the institute, Carl Kupfer, MD, recently discussed already achieved

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