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March 17, 1993

Health Status of Haitian Migrants—U.S. Naval Base, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, November 1991-April 1992

JAMA. 1993;269(11):1365. doi:10.1001/jama.1993.03500110029012

MMWR. 1993;42:138-140 (1 figure omitted)

IN NOVEMBER 1991, following a military coup in Haiti, thousands of Haitians fled that country in small open boats.

Most migrants were intercepted by U.S. Coast Guard cutters and taken to the U.S. Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay (GTMO), Cuba, where the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) established a joint task force (JTF) migrant relief operation.* This report summarizes the results of health assessments of migrants conducted by the JTF.

JTF personnel provided all medical care and carried out the medical screening required for entry into the United States. For this report, medical data examined were obtained from medical screening on arrival at GTMO, outpatient clinic logs, inpatient hospital records, and results of chest radiographs and laboratory tests required for entry.

Results of arrival screening, outpatient visits, and hospital admissions were reviewed weekly to calculate rates for the major categories of illness (e.g., "respiratory," "gastrointestinal,"