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December 11, 1996

AIDS Among Children—United States, 1996

JAMA. 1996;276(22):1791-1792. doi:10.1001/jama.1996.03540220015008

AS OF SEPTEMBER 30,1996, a total of 566002 acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) cases, including 7472 cases among children aged <13 years (1%), had been reported to CDC by state and territorial health departments. Most children reported with AIDS acquired human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection perinatally from their mothers.1 During 1988-1993, an estimated 6000-7000 children were born each year to HIV-infected women; an estimated 1000-2000 of these children were infected annually.2 In 1994, results of clinical trials demonstrating effective therapy for reducing perinatal HIV transmission indicated a two-thirds decrease in such transmission associated with zidovudine (ZDV) therapy for HIV-infected pregnant women and their newborns. The Public Health Service (PHS) issued recommendations in 1994 for ZDV treatment to reduce perinatal HIV transmission, and in 1995 for routine HIV counseling and voluntary testing for all pregnant women in the United States.3,4 This report