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January 8, 1997

Prevalence of Alcohol-Impaired: Results From a National Self-reported of Health Behaviors

Author Affiliations

From the Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity (Drs Liu,dMSerdula),Division of Adult and Community Health (Dr Siegel), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Atlanta,nd the Division of Unintentional Injury Prevention,l Center for Injury Prevention and Control,ers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Ga (Drswer and Sleet).

JAMA. 1997;277(2):122-125. doi:10.1001/jama.1997.03540260036032

Objective.  —Touently adults in the United States drive while impaired by alcohol.

Design.  —Telephone

Setting.  —Thed the District of Columbia) that participated in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 1993.

Participants  102 263titutionalized adults aged 18 years or older.

Main Outcome Measures.  —The percentage of respondents who reported alcohol-impaired of episodes of alcohol-impaired driving per 1000 adult population; and total number of episodes of alcohol-impaired driving—each by age, sex, race, level of education, and state.

Results.  —2.5%all,ts reported an estimated 123 million episodes of alcohol-impaired. This corresponds to 655 episodes of alcoholimpaired driving for each 1000adults (range among states per 1000adults, 165-1550).Alcohol-impairedt frequent among men aged 21 to 34 years (1739 episodes per 1000 adults) and was nearly as frequent among men aged 18 to 20 years (1623 episodes per 1000 adults), despite legislation in all states that prohibited the sale of alcohol to persons younger than age 21 years in 1993.

Conclusions.  —Alcohol-impaired even among underage persons. Strict enforcement of laws that discourage alcohol-impaired needed along with community and patient education to reduce the prevalence of alcohol-impairedvent injuries and deaths from amo--related tor vehicle crashes. Data from the BRFSS, an ongoing source of national and state-specificumber of episodes of alcohol-impairpotentiallyor monitoring trends and evaluating the effect of future efforts to re duce alcohol-impaired