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February 26, 1997

Antibiotic Resistance Among Nasopharyngeal Isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae—Bangui, 1995

JAMA. 1997;277(8):621. doi:10.1001/jama.1997.03540320023014

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APPROXIMATELY 4 million children aged <5 years die worldwide each year from acute respiratory infections (ARI), most of which are pneumonia.1 Most pneumonia deaths result from bacterial infections, and Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP) and Haemophilus influenzae (HI) are the most common bacterial etiologies.1 To provide data about antibiotic resistance and to assist the National ARI Control Program of the Central African Republic (CAR) (1995 population: 2.9 million) in choosing which antibiotics to recommend for the treatment of pneumonia in children aged <5 years, a survey of the antibiotic resistance of nasopharyngeal (NP) isolates of SP and HI cultured from children residing in Bangui (1995 population: 451000), CAR, was conducted during January 16-February 8,1995, by the Ministry of Public Health and Population (MOPHP) in collaboration with epidemiologists from CDC and microbiologists from the South African Institute for Medical Research.

Bangui is the capital of and

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