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March 19, 1997

Update: Trends in AIDS Incidence, Deaths, and Prevalence—United States, 1996

JAMA. 1997;277(11):874-875. doi:10.1001/jama.1997.03540350024011

THE NATIONAL acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) surveillance system is used to describe the impact of HIV-related morbidity and death in the United States. This report presents trends in AIDS incidence during 1996 and describes recent declines in deaths among persons reported with AIDS (AIDS deaths) and increases in AIDS prevalence.*

Cumulative AIDS cases among persons aged ≥13 years reported to CDC based on the 1993 expanded surveillance case definition from the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. territories were analyzed by year of report, race/ethnicity, and mode of risk/ exposure.1 Estimates of AIDS incidence and deaths were adjusted for the effects of delays in reporting. For analyses by mode of risk/exposure, estimates were adjusted for the anticipated reclassification of cases initially reported without an HIV risk/exposure.1 To adjust for the expansion of the reporting criteria in