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September 15, 1883


JAMA. 1883;I(10):307-310. doi:10.1001/jama.1883.02390100019002

Action of Alcohol on the Heart.  —The following is quoted from an article by Professor Martin, of John's Hopkins University, in the Maryland Medical Journal for September, 1883.Although the physiological effects of alcohol manifest themselves in many directions, we can only hope to arrive at valid conclusions by taking up the questions one by one. Our own researches made on dogs have been confined to a quite limited field, viz., what is the direct and immediate action of alcohol upon the heart, both as to its rate of beat, and as to the work done by it in a given time. Chronic abuse of alcohol of course affects the heart; but our inquiry has hitherto been limited to the immediate action upon the heart of a moderate quantity of pure alcohol added to the blood flowing through it; the heart being put entirely out of control by extrinsic nerve