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March 14, 1885


Author Affiliations


JAMA. 1885;IV(11):281-285. doi:10.1001/jama.1885.02390860001001

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The Address of the Retiring President Read before the Second Annual Meeting of the Ohio State Sanitary Association, held at Columbus, Ohio. February 5 and 6, 1885.

In the collation of the facts contained in this paper I have drawn from a great variety of sources. The first epidemic to which I allude is one usually referred to in histories of the North American continent, and in nearly all monographs upon the subject of ancient mounds and mound-builders, in explanation of the obscurity of their origin, and the theory that the builders became extinct by a great pestilence. But the first pestilence on this continent, of which we have undisputed proof, occurred among the Aborigines of the eastern coast, in 1617. How general this epidemic was remains an uncertainty; but in 1618-19 Captain Dermer, an English adventurer, wintered among the Indians; and as he coasted southward in the spring towards

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