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May 16, 1885


JAMA. 1885;IV(20):536-542. doi:10.1001/jama.1885.02390950004002

Peninsulas have always been sought by mankind as favorite residences, and have been visited in winter by those living in cold, inland countries, as resorts for health. Excluding the peninsulas of the Indian Ocean and those of the far north, the six great peninsulas of the earth are, Greece, Italy, Spain with Portugal, Florida, Central America, and Lower California. There are many well known smaller peninsulas on the Mediterranean, in France and Italy, which have climates peculiar to themselves.

The distinction to be observed between the words "air" and "climate" is this: When speaking of air, only the qualities of the atmosphere are considered. The word "climate" embraces an assemblage of many facts, of which the atmosphere is only one of the factors. From its Greek derivation, climate literally means, the slope of the earth from the equator toward the pole. It has been defined as the condition of a

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