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—In connection with a trial for murder, the prisoner having hare-lip and cleft palate, the following questions have been asked:
Is congenital malformation usually or often accompanied by mental weakness?
Is the subject more liable to unsoundness of mind than other persons?
Can any special relation be made out between malformations of the head (such as the above) and mental weakness?
What is the proportion of such malformations among the insane and feeble minded?
Dr. Praskovia N. Tarnovskaia reported at the first Congress of Russian Alienists at Moscow, that 84 per cent. of the habitual prostitutes showed various signs of physical degeneration, such as irregularity in the shape of the skull, asymmetry of the face, anomalies of the hard palate, teeth, ears, etc. Any information, statistics, or reference to literature, which will throw any light on these questions will be gladly received at this office, and full credit will be
The Relation of Congenital Malformation to Mental Weakness.. JAMA. 1887;IX(5):151–152. doi:10.1001/jama.1887.02400040023007
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