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I. The name.
This was chosen because the word phthisis, hitherto used for chronic tuberculosis, in the mind of the clinician, comprises conditions with which our present inquiry has no part; and again, the word tuberculosis, as used by pathologists, does not fully cover the disease processes of which we shall speak. Phthisis of the clinician may include all the destructive processes taking place in the lung, and except post-mortem examination clear up the error, many diseases, such as multiple embolism of whatever nature, followed by necrosis of smaller or larger areas of lung tissue, some of them, by their extent, deserving the name of gangrene, are classed with phthisis.The pathologist, on the contrary, is inclined to exclude all processes from the clinical history of tuberculosis which are not accompanied by tubercles, be they gray or yellow, situated in the tissue or in the bronchial termini; though of late
MANSFELDE ASV. TUBERCULOSIS PULMONUM, ACUTE AND CHRONIC—ITS NATURE AND TREATMENT. JAMA. 1886;VI(12):309–313. doi:10.1001/jama.1886.04250030057001
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