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February 19, 1887


JAMA. 1887;VIII(8):205-206. doi:10.1001/jama.1887.02391330009001d

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During a recent visit to Jerusalem, Palestine, I had an opportunity to examine and take the measurements of a large and rare collection of human skulls, which are stored away in the old monastery of Mar Saba, a distance of three hours' horseback ride down the Kedron Valley, midway between Jerusalem and the Dead Sea. The results of this examination are such as are believed to be of interest, and for this reason I am led to publish them. These skulls are said to be those of the early Christian monks, who in the fifth and sixth centuries lived in great numbers along this Kedron Valley, as far down as the Dead Sea, and also in and about Jerusalem, who in 614 were massacred by the Persians, when they invaded Syria and Palestine under their leader Chosroes. They are, therefore, Caucasian skulls, and probably those of the ancient Greeks and

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