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To those who have given study to the above subjects they rank them first in importance. They know that to construct a perfect water closet or privy vault, the complete mastery of the laws governing gases and organic germs must first be made. What is any house, however elegant in appearance, or expensive in construction, without either one or both of these appliances of the most recent pattern, but a modified "Black Hole of Calcutta?" It is but a place of confinement where malaise, headache, debility, and low vitality dwell, and where the organic germs of fever, diphtheria, scarlatina, measles, cholera and small-pox find their habitat.
The sanitarian of to-day, to be at his best, should be familiar with all that chemistry can teach, mechanics demonstrate and engineering plan. So vast, intricate and numerous are the laws of sanitation, we can, at present, no more make them all subservient to
McCURDY J. WATER CLOSETS AND PRIVY VAULTS. Abstract of a paper read before the Ohio State Sanitary Association, February 10, 1887. JAMA. 1887;VIII(14):368–371. doi:10.1001/jama.1887.02391390004001a
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