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Delivered before the Thirty-Eighth Annual Meeting of the American Medical Association, June 7, 1887.BY ELISHA H. GREGORY, M.D., OF ST. LOUIS, MO.Obviously, force and matter "make up" the universe. Force implies antagonism, antagonism perpetuates motion. The living cell is the embodiment of nature. Cell antagonism is life. Multicellular organisms represent a community of vital unities. A model organism in equilibrium is health. Cell struggle is the gist of modern pathology. Every organ and every element are vulnerable. The strength of resistance in elements and organs, reinforced by the harmony and precision of coördination, and the vigor of counter-agencies, are the mo mentous questions.In seeking for a comprehensive title for my address, I fell upon the two simple words "cell antagonism," which form the foundation of symptomatology and pathology, conjoined with cell changes, the basis of pathological anatomy, embracing at once the universe of life and
THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS. JAMA. 1887;VIII(24):645–649. doi:10.1001/jama.1887.02391490001001
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