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Article
January 25, 1908

THE MUTUAL DEVELOPMENT OF UPPER AIR TRACT, JAWS, TEETH AND FACE,AND THEIR ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE TO THE HUMAN RACE.

JAMA. 1908;L(4):269-273. doi:10.1001/jama.1908.25310300021001e
Abstract

Orthopedic surgery occupies an important and constantly widening position in the field of reconstruction and correction. The "dental orthopedist" has only just begun to attract attention, and orthopedics of the nose, one might say, has scarcely as yet come into existence; but there are indications that it will outstrip all other branches of corrective surgery, because it directly affects the whole organism and the mental capacity instead of the less important locomotor functions.

I will endeavor in this article to show the importance of the normal development of the upper air tract and teeth, the dangers following imperfect development, and, in so far as possible, the causes and means of prevention of developmental irregularities. As a primary postulate, one may state that the nose is the axis on which the structure of the face depends for its development and that any variation in this axis produces some pathologic result more

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