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The satisfactory postoperative drainage of the bladder has always been a most perplexing problem. Satisfactory drainage after cystostomy, for instance, drainage that is effectual and allows the patient to be kept dry is manifestly a most important factor in the attainment of a speedy, comfortable convalescence. The trouble arising from plugged tubes and catheters, and the discomforts endured by a patient constantly soaked in urine are such that life becomes burdensome to the patient and bothersome to surgeons, house officers and attendants.
Intimate contact with a number of cases in which drainage was attempted with indifferent success led me to undertake experiments which finally resulted in devising the apparatus herein described. It has been used with satisfactory results in drainage of the bladder after both suprapubic and perineal cystostomy and in the postoperative drainage of empyemata. Through the courtesy of Drs. Munro and Bottomley the suitable material in the surgical
HAMILTON AJA. AN APPARATUS FOR THE INTERMITTENT POSTOPERATIVE DRAINAGE OF THE BLADDER. APPLICATION OF THE PRINCIPLE TO THE DRAINAGE OF EMPYEMATA, ETC. JAMA. 1908;L(12):962–963. doi:10.1001/jama.1908.25310380034004b
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