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May 9, 1908


JAMA. 1908;L(19):1495-1498. doi:10.1001/jama.1908.25310450005001b

In the term psychotherapy I include all forms of mental treatment, whether accompanied by hypnosis or without. The hypnotic state is not primarily the result desired, but the receptive condition induced by that state, in order that the curative suggestion given may be accepted without interference from the objective self. Hypnosis of itself without suggestion never accomplished anything, the forceful directions given the patient during the responsive state of hypnosis achieve the results.

There is a great deal of discussion at present as to the relative value of so-called hynotic treatment and suggestive or psychic treatment without hypnosis, the discussors apparently losing sight of the fact that in all the various methods of mental therapy it is the same underlying principle—suggestion, or a command to the subconscious mind, and acting through the same brain— that produces the desired effect. The modern teaching that we must treat the patient and not

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