Arthritis deformans of the hip is a chronic joint disease which, contrary to former beliefs, attacks young and middle-aged adults as well as the aged. It is characterized clinically by a slow and gradual onset, absence of fever, local pain, muscular spasm, and wasting, stiffness, disability and deformity, but never presenting any tendency to suppuration. It may or may not be associated with similar conditions in other joints.
This condition has been known by many names; the most common one is coxitis senilis, which, implying that it is a disease of old age only, is misleading and not appropriate. A few of the many synonymous terms are rheumatic or rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatic gout, osteo-arthritis, nodular rheumatism, etc. The term I have chosen is as simple as any and appears to be the most expressive. It indicates a deforming pathologic process in a joint, whether it be trophic or inflammatory.
ALBEE FH. ARTHRITIS DEFORMANS OF THE HIP.A PRELIMINARY REPORT OF A NEW OPERATION.. JAMA. 1908;L(24):1977–1980. doi:10.1001/jama.1908.25310500025002d
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