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August 1, 1908


JAMA. 1908;LI(5):406-407. doi:10.1001/jama.1908.25410050046003b

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Two of the chief factors in reducing the mortality after operations for general peritonitis have been the use of the Fowler position and the continuous rectal administration of salt solution as suggested by Dr. J. B. Murphy. One of the most difficult problems in connection with the use of salt solution per rectum has been to maintain it at a constant temperature. The usual custom is to surround a glass percolator with hot-water bags, which latter must be refilled frequently. I have devised a simple and inexpensive apparatus by which a constant temperature can be maintained either by the use of electricity or of an alcohol lamp or small Bunsen burner, and this has been employed in a number of cases at the Michael Reese Hospital.

It has seemed desirable to construct the apparatus so that either electricity or some other form of heat (gas or alcohol lamp) could be

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