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Article
September 5, 1908

THE POSITIVE PRESSURE METHOD OF ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATIONWITH ITS EXPERIMENTAL APPLICATION TO THE SURGERY OF THE THORACIC ESOPHAGUS.

JAMA. 1908;LI(10):805-808. doi:10.1001/jama.1908.25410100005001b
Abstract

It is not the intention in this paper to go over the history or to cover the literature of artificial respiration. There are two distinct procedures included in the term. The first applies to postural methods, the second applies to that produced by apparatus. The latter is used in the surgery of the chest. This may again be divided into the positive pressure and the negative pressure methods. It makes little difference which of these is employed. It is in accordance with obvious surgical principles to apply the most expedient.

Matas,1 Brauer,2 Tuffier,3 F. T. Murphy,4 H. H. Janeway and others have employed positive pressure. Sauerbruch5 has been the chief advocate of negative pressure. Woillez,6 in 1876, also employed a negative-pressure box. Its application was, however, different from that of the Sauerbruch chamber.

As the technic of intrathoracic work shall improve, and as the

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