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The difficulty often encountered in bringing a kidney into the wound for inspection or excision must be apparent to every one who has had considerable experience in kidney surgery. Heretofore no instrument, to my knowledge, has been better than the hand for delivering the kidney, but this requires in most cases a much larger incision than is necessary to deliver the kidney alone. The instruments generally used, such, for example, as the large curved hemostatic forceps, injure the organ if directly applied. In search for an instrument suitable for grasping the kidney and allowing a certain amount of tension, I discovered that the small veterinary obstetric forceps most nearly answered the purpose. From this forceps I evolved the kidney forceps, which is shown in Figure 1. The method of application is also well shown. It clasps the kidney and permits traction through a small incision without injuring the
LOWER WE. TWO PRACTICAL INSTRUMENTS FOR USE IN KIDNEY SURGERY.. JAMA. 1908;LI(16):1327. doi:10.1001/jama.1908.25410160037002b
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