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Article
February 13, 1909

THE PROPER METHOD OF DETERMINING ERRORS OF REFRACTION: AND THEIR ACTUAL RELATION TO THE AILMENTS OF THE HUMAN BODY

JAMA. 1909;LII(7):543-547. doi:10.1001/jama.1909.25420330025002d
Abstract

Although I think that there is a general agreement among ophthalmologists as to the principles and practice of adjusting glasses to the human eye, there are few, chiefly in this country, who with very little intermission vociferously protest that most methods except their own are imperfect, or even altogether wrong. One writer goes so far as to say that there are no schools of instruction where determination of the refraction of the eye is properly taught and that dire consequences are resulting from this circumstance and from the wrong methods of ophthalmologists in general.

EXAGGERATED VIEWS OF THE RESULTS OF EYESTRAIN  The constant appearance of articles written in this strain, with exaggerated statements as to the consequences of wrong methods, the almost frantic appeals from these writers that eyestrain shall be more correctly studied and treated, induce me again to ask the indulgence of general practitioners, and perhaps some of

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