Ectropion and entropion, of mild degree, whether from interstitial shrinkage or from moderate cicatricial contracture, are so inefficiently remedied by our present operative measures that I have thought it desirable to present to the profession a simple procedure I have used for many years and from which I have never yet failed to secure the desired results.
There are many conditions which we can relieve by this procedure:
A. Spastic entropion or ectropion.
B. Senile or relaxed ectropion or entropion.
C. Paralytic ectropion.
D. Contraction from lachrymal irritation.
E. Moderate cicatricial contraction.
F. Small cicatricial distortions or dimplings.
G. Cases of distichiasis.
Many varieties of suture operations have been employed to relieve these conditions, but, while successful in some instances, they are quite inefficient in the larger proportion of cases.
ZIEGLER SL. GALVANOCAUTERY PUNCTURE IN ECTROPION AND ENTROPION. JAMA. 1909;LIII(3):183–186. doi:10.1001/jama.1909.92550030007002d
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