In operations on the thoracic aorta, it is necessary to use a method by which the pleural cavities can be opened without danger. I did not employ the classical apparatus, as they are too complicated and do not permit pulmonary ventilation, except by spontaneous respiratory movements of the subject. They would probably give unsatisfactory results in operations in which, the thorax being widely opened, the diaphragm and ribs can hardly act on the lungs. Therefore, I have used a simpler and a more efficient method, the method of Meltzer and Auer,1 in which the respiratory exchanges take place oven when the lungs are completely motionless.
The principle of this method was discovered a short time ago by Meltzer and Auer. They demonstrated that by ventilating the lungs with a continuous current of air, respiration takes place in an almost normal manner, even in the absence of respiratory movements. Meltzer and
CARREL A. EXPERIMENTAL SURGERY OF THE THORACIC AORTA BY THE METHOD OF MELTZER AND AUER. JAMA. 1910;LIV(1):28–29. doi:10.1001/jama.1910.92550270001001i
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