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Article
March 5, 1910

NITROUS-OXID-OXYGEN ANESTHESIA BY THE METHOD OF REBREATHINGWITH ESPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE PREVENTION OF SURGICAL SHOCK

JAMA. 1910;LIV(10):775-780. doi:10.1001/jama.1910.92550360001001e
Abstract

The following article gives the results of a trial of nitrous-oxid-oxygen anesthesia in the service of Professor Halsted at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. My object at the outset was to develop a method of administering these gases so simple, cheap and effective as to make possible their more general use. As nitrous-oxid and oxygen are expensive and are to be obtained only in heavy cylinders, it seemed to me that the solution of the question of their administration, so far as cost and convenience are concerned, must lie in using them over instead of wasting them after one inhalation. I have, therefore, studied the effects of rebreathing these gases with a view to determining to what extent this may be permitted without injury to the patient. My results have led me to believe that within certain limits the method is not only harmless but beneficial.

For the sake of

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