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September 21, 1912

Stanley's and Livingston's References to Mosquitoes and Miasma

Author Affiliations

Fort Smith, Ark

JAMA. 1912;LIX(12):959. doi:10.1001/jama.1912.04270090203020

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To the Editor:  —On reading "The Mystery of Miasma as Darwin Saw It" in The Journal (August 31, p. 736), I thought the following from two celebrated African explorers would be of interest in this connection:Henry M. Stanley ("In Darkest Africa," ii, 33) says, in his observations on malaria: "Emin Pasha informed me that he always took a mosquito curtain with him, as he believed that it was an excellent protector against miasmatic exhalations of the night."Dr. David Livingston ("Livingston's Expedition to the Zambesi and Its Tributaries," 1858-1864) says of the mosquito and malaria "A large brown sort, called by the Portuguese mansos ("tame"), flies straight to its victim and goes to work at once as though it were an invited guest. Some of the small kinds carry uncommonly sharp lancets and very potent poison. 'What would these insects eat if we did not pass this way'? becomes

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