This article describes my way of performing submucous resection of the septum in its now perfected state.
ANATOMY OF DEFLECTIONS OF NASAL SEPTUM
—These are commonly confined to the cartilage in the form of a sharp, usually vertical, but sometimes more or less horizontal angle at the front of the septum (Fig. 1, Fig. 2, a, b, c, d, i), whose anterior plane lies obliquely or directly across the nostril, or may curve forward. The apex of the angle is the line of the usually ununited fragments, each in its own perichondrial envelope. They often overlap, forming, instead of a pronounced angle, an irregular thickening of the foremost part of the septum ( Fig. 2, d, e, f, g, h, j).The false direction given the growth of the septal cartilage by a fracture may augment a primarily moderate deflection and even involve portions of the bone.
FREER OT. THE SUBMUCOUS RESECTION OF D EFLECTIONS OF THE NASAL SEPTUM: THE AUTHOR'S PRESENT PERFECTED METHOD. JAMA. 1912;LIX(12):1127–1131. doi:10.1001/jama.1912.04270090371073
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