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November 23, 1912

RESUSCITATION FROM DROWNING: CONTINUED PERSISTENCE OF HEART-BEAT; DEATH FROM NON-RESUSCITATION OF THE RESPIRATORY CENTERS

JAMA. 1912;LIX(21):1873-1874. doi:10.1001/jama.1912.04270110287012

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Abstract

The frequent occurrence of drowning-accidents during the summer serves to emphasize the need of a thorough understanding of the principles underlying resuscitation, and particularly the fact that success ultimately depends on preventing permanent injury from anemia of the brain. There is need of extensive series of figures based on accurate observation of similar accidents which will show the important part the time element bears in such cases. In the following case, while resuscitation was not accomplished, the facts seem to be worth recording because the heart continued to beat for so long a time while artificial respiration was being given:

The patient was a strong, well-developed man, aged 28, who had apparently been seized with cramps while swimming in about 7 feet of water. When attempts were made to get him out of the water he struggled so hard that he not only prolonged the efforts but also nearly drowned

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