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December 7, 1912


Author Affiliations

Member of the Committee on Prevention of Blindness of the American Medical Association AKRON, OHIO

JAMA. 1912;LIX(23):2048-2051. doi:10.1001/jama.1912.04270120033009

A complete catalogue of the various trades and industries in which accidents, even preventable accidents, causing partial or complete blindness of one or both eyes, although suggestive, would be of little service and would necessarily include nearly all the causes of accidents in general. It will not he without profit, however, to consider those industrial accidents which are of frequent occurrence. Space forbids full consideration of the effects on the eyes of environment, lighting, improper or excessive use of the eyes, the special toxic effect of alcohol and tobacco, and special infections in the ordinary occupations.

COMMON, PREVENTABLE ACCIDENTS  I shall first discuss common accidents to the eye in foundries, machine-shops, mills, and in the building trades, domestic, agricultural and military pursuits, which can be greatly lessened by various known means, such as have been applied among iron workers, mechanics or weavers.These accidents include blows from blunt force and