The etiology of acute catarrh is either local or exciting, predisposing or constitutional: the use of tobacco, occupations attended with much dust, smoke, irritating gases, excessive moisture or dry - ness of the atmosphere, sudden changes of atmospheric temperature, as from a dry warm to damp or damp and cold weather, or from a warm room to the cold air without being sufficiently protected with wraps, getting the feet wet, standing or sitting for some time on a cold surface, A very pernicious habit is wetting the head, which is practiced daily by young ladies, and also by mothers and nurses, who wet the hair and scalp of children one or more times daily and thus develop acute or subacute catarrh, and the child is seldom over one attack before another begins; finally chronic catarrh of the upper air passages is established. Exposure to the night air without extra wraps
CARPENTER JG. THE ETIOLOGY, PATHOLOGY AND TREATMENT OF ACUTE CATARRH OF THE UPPER AIR PASSAGES. Read before the American Rhinological Association, September 12, 1888. JAMA. 1889;XII(15):514–516. doi:10.1001/jama.1889.02400920010001b
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