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March 1, 1890

A PENAL RULE OF OUR COMMON SCHOOLS, AND SOME OF ITS EFFECTS.Read in the Section of Diseases of Children at the Fortieth Annual Meeting of the American Medical Association, Iune, 1889.

Author Affiliations


JAMA. 1890;XIV(9):299-304. doi:10.1001/jama.1890.02410090011001b

"Deliver me from the oppression of man."—Ps. 119-134.

"'Tis granted, and no plainer truth appears, Our most important are our earliest years: The mind, impressible and soft, with ease Imbibes and copies what she hears and sees, And through life's labyrinth holds fast the clue That education gives her, false or true."


Oppression in any form, at any age of human life, and under all circumstances, is revolting to a true American; but when it tends to lower the morals and compromise the health, then it partakes of tyranny, and this forces open rebellion. Oppression begets oppressors, and freedom makes freemen. Rules and laws are necessary to govern and control the unruly, but even when applied to the worst criminals tyranny is revolting to the finer feelings of mankind.

The last two years has brought under my personal observation the practical effects of a penal rule that has been,