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Article
August 22, 1891

THE SANITARY AND UNSANITARY RELATIONS OF UNDERGROUND WATERS.Read in the Section of State Medicine, at the Forty-second Annual Meeting of the American Medical Association, held at Washington, D. C., May, 1891.

Author Affiliations

OF TORONTO.

JAMA. 1891;XVII(8):294-295. doi:10.1001/jama.1891.02410860018001d

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Abstract

Gentlemen:—It is not my intention to deal at any length with this subject, but rather to present some of the principles to be observed in the selection of drinking waters.

Much has been said with regard to the dangers of drinking water from wells; but it has not been until recently that the differentiation has been made as regards wells that are dangerous and those that are healthy.

As a general principle, it may be said that practically all really underground waters are sanitarily good; but it must be clearly understood what is meant by an underground water. For instance:

1. A water lying in a shallow dug out in prairie or bog land, down only to the impervious clay or rock below, cannot fairly be called underground water.

2. Neither can a well down even into a true water-bearing stratum of sand or gravel, be called an underground water,

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