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August 11, 1888


JAMA. 1888;XI(6):205. doi:10.1001/jama.1888.02400580025007

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There are few subjects in medicine more interesting than the study of abnormal reflexes. Some authors have gone so far as to deny that there is any such thing as paralysis due to reflex mechanism; that the cases of paralysis of which amaurosis from affections of the fifth nerve, and paralysis of the orbital nerve from like cause, are examples, may be explained without reflex mechanism; and that there is no true conception of the manner in which reflex paralysis is brought about, unless we understand that it is produced by inhibitory influence, and that reflex paralysis, if it have any meaning, must be inhibitory paralysis. They that go so far as this deny the necessity of admitting inhibitory paralysis.

Among the various causes of reflex disturbances intestinal irritation is known to play an important part. Cases of paralysis of the arm from gingival and intestinal irritation, of hemiplegia from

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