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December 15, 1888

ETIOLOGY OF THE IRREGULARITIES OF THE TEETH AND JAWS.ARREST OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE SUPERIOR MAXILLA. Read in the Section on Dental and Oral Surgery, at the Thirty-ninth Annual Meeting of the American Medical Association, May, 1888.

JAMA. 1888;XI(24):829-838. doi:10.1001/jama.1888.02400750001001

The subject of the etiology of irregularities of the teeth is so comprehensive and so replete with points of interest, that it is obviously impossible for one to enter into minutiæ within the limits of a single paper. I have therefore deemed it best to prepare a series of papers, in which an attempt will be made to present in an intelligible manner the conclusions formed during an extensive experience in the examination and study of the mouths of strong and well constituted persons, of the mouths of the insane, idiotic, deaf and dumb, and blind, and of models of various deformities of the jaws and teeth. In the present paper—the first of the series—attention will be given to such irregularities as are developed coincidently with the growth of the skeleton; these being, as is well known, chiefly connected with the superior maxilla.

Irregularities of the teeth may be classed