This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.
The author says it has been found that soldiers on the march or in hard fighting campaigns, even though on scant rations, with worn-out clothing, and subjected to great exposure, are less subject to infectious diseases and sickness than when they are in permanent or semipermanent camps where they attempt to make themselves comfortable and devote much of their time to eating, sleeping and diverting themselves. Hard work and plain fare are good preservatives against disease. The main purpose of the principles and the purposes of military hygiene, therefore, is to protect the soldier against himself, his habits and his surroundings while in camp or barracks, where he spends the major portion of his time. These principles and purposes are clearly set forth in the book as they apply to soldiers on land and the naval forces, and as they relate to service in tropical and far northern climates, together
Manual of Military Hygiene for the Military Services of the United States.. JAMA. 1914;LXIII(22):1974. doi:10.1001/jama.1914.02570220084041