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May 27, 1911


JAMA. 1911;LVI(21):1579. doi:10.1001/jama.1911.02560210051021

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The death-rate among infants and young children has been one of the crying disgraces of civilization. Herod's slaughter of the innocents, the story of which has served to horrify the world for twenty centuries, merely hastened the death of many of these babies, as probably the greater part of those whom his ruthless order condemned would have died within a few years from infantile ailments and zymotic diseases. Through the middle ages and up to the present day, the death-rate of infants has had an unknown, but undoubtedly an enormous influence in keeping down the average, while the infant mortality among savages and barbarous nations is too dreadful to contemplate. It has remained for the present generation to realize that "race suicide" as a national peril is not to be compared to "child murder" by removable social and economic causes.

One of the most important problems confronting us is that

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