Mery in 1700 published the first case report of congenital scoliosis. Fleischman in 1810 and Meckel in 1816 were the first to assert that this deformity could exist without other defects; this was established by Mührig in 1829, Rokitansky in 1844, Hohl in 1850, and Förster in 1854.
Recently cases of congenital scoliosis are much more frequently seen and reported by orthopedists. The obstetrician of extensive practice may say he has never seen a case. If so, it is very likely that cases have gone unnoticed because regular or careful examination of the back was neglected. The pediatrician sees children at a period when this deformity is more readily discovered, and is in a position to call attention to it even before the child is sitting. However, many cases are overlooked, or if seen we neglect to attach sufficient importance to the condition, and in this way the number of
THOMAS HB. SO-CALLED CONGENITAL SCOLIOSIS: WITH SPECIMEN, INCLUDING THE THORAX. JAMA. 1915;LXIV(4):305–307. doi:10.1001/jama.1915.02570300019007
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